- 20 Jul
Why HTML5 must replace Flash?- Vision Of Steve Jobs
Flash grew out of the need to play audio and video. It was initially designed for multimedia production as a smaller cousin to Macromedia Director, a popular authoring tool for multimedia DVDs in the 1990s.
Flash soon found a niche as the de facto animation and video platform across the web, quickly elbowing out alternatives such as the RealAudio/RealVideo plug-in. check : flash to html5 Converter
And once the developers of YouTube opted to use Flash for delivering video, its take-up grew exponentially, to the point that it became rare to find a computer on which it had not been installed.
But along with its great versatility came a major downside, in that all the flexibility offered by Flash was also available to malware developers, who began to unearth more and more sneaky ways to plant their trojans and password stealers using exploits (also known as loopholes) in the Flash software.
Worse than that, the rapid pace of development that Flash undertook left it liable to crash unexpectedly, locking down or crashing the browser in which it was embedded. Of course, Adobe (which acquired Macromedia in 2005) worked hard to patch all the vulnerabilities and bugs, but it always seemed to be just a couple too many steps behind the bad guys, and the latest browser versions, which insisted on ever-tighter security controls.
Eventually, this led Apple CEO Steve Jobs to pen his famous “Thoughts on Flash” essay (apple.com/hotnews/thoughts-on-flash), which decried the fact that Flash was closed and proprietary software with numerous technical drawbacks. This marked the first shot over Adobe’s bows, and resulted in Flash support being totally dropped from Apple’s iOS operating system in 2012 because of it being a potential security risk, followed by removal from Android later that year for the same reasons.
But Adobe was ready for this, having announced a year earlier that it was on a migration path to HTML5 and intended to discontinue mobile versions of Flash, but said nothing much about the desktop.
However, recently things have again come to a head with both Mozilla (developer of the Firefox browser) and Facebook asking Adobe to withdraw Flash by announcing an end-of-life date for it, due to highly dangerous exploits continuing to turn up in it (bad enough that they could take over your computer). Also this year, YouTube has switched to HTML5 as its default format, and some browsers now even actively block Flash from loading.
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